October No bake workshops — cost saving methods: SI Group HA As with many industries across South Africa, the foundry industry is plagued by numerous factors that have forced the foundries to look at ways to minimise costs and maximise efficiencies in the workplace in order to survive. The macro and micro environmental factors are limitless, escalating raw material costs, increasing energy and labour costs, amongst others. Read more Flexibility and speed the core at Ukuthela Foundry Projects While Minika van Aswegen — wife of Ukuthela Foundry Projects owner Cobus van Aswegen — describes herself as being a jack-of-all-trades but a master of none, the same cannot be said of husband Cobus. Within the company he has had to take on the role of jack-of-all-trades while at the same time being master of all of them, right down to driving the forklift. Read more Insimbi increases stake in scrap metal recycling industry with the acquisition of Group Wreck for R million The company has also changed its name to Insimbi Industrial Holdings Limited. Read more Mitak targets the imported cast mill liner business Like most industries in South Africa the foundry industry has suffered due to the influx of cheap imports from countries such as China. South Africa is not unique to this problem though. However, unlike most first world countries South Africa has not addressed the threat to its manufacturing base despite the government claiming that it had put in place localisation rules, which are largely ignored for very obvious reasons to most of us.
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It has grown over the years spreading to other parts of the country significantly the Free State. In due course it became a significant contributor to the growth of the gross domestic product of South Africa and rewarded handsomely those who invested in it. The South African currency was for a long time based to a large extent on the value of this internationally sought precious metal. As this case demonstrates, simultaneous with that growth, the industry left in its trail tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of current and former underground mineworkers who suffered from debilitating and incurable silicosis and pulmonary tuberculosis TB.
Many mineworkers also died from the diseases. There are other occupational lung diseases in the industry, but silicosis and to a lesser extent TB are the two that are of concern in this case.
Currently he teaches sculpture part-time at the University of Pretoria.
Names[ edit ] In Modern Chinese , the name Sichuan means “four rivers “, and in folk etymology this is usually taken to mean the province’s four major rivers: In antiquity, the area of modern Sichuan including the now separated Chongqing Municipality was known to the Chinese as Ba-Shu, in reference to the ancient states of Ba and Shu that once occupied the Sichuan Basin. Shu continues to be used to refer to the Sichuan region all through its history right up to the present day; a number of states formed in the area used the same name, for example the Shu of the Three Kingdoms period, and Former Shu and Later Shu of the Ten Kingdoms period.
The region had its own distinct religious beliefs and worldview. Various ores were abundant. The area also formed a stage on the trade routes connecting the Yellow River watershed with India and the west, the primary means of Eurasian trade before the establishment of the overland and maritime Silk Roads under the Han. It was, however, referred to in the Book of Documents as an ally of the Zhou. Excavations by archaeologists in the area yielded few significant finds until when two major sacrificial pits were found with spectacular bronze items as well as artefacts in jade, gold, earthenware, and stone.
Qin Dynasty[ edit ] The rulers of the expansionist Qin dynasty , based in present-day Gansu and Shaanxi , were the first strategists to realize that the area’s military importance matched its commercial and agricultural significance. The Sichuan basin is surrounded by the Hengduan Mountains to the west, the Qin Mountains to the north, and Yungui Plateau to the south.
Since the Yangtze flows through the basin and then through the perilous Three Gorges to eastern and southern China, Sichuan was a staging area for amphibious military forces and a refuge for political refugees. Any written records and civil achievements of earlier kingdoms were destroyed.
The South African State of Rivers Report: uMngeni River and Neighbouring Rivers and Streams
The thirty-two artists who participated were tasked with creating, in a single day, an 8-page comic based on the work of Petrus Nooi, a sculptor who works in concrete and sells his pieces from his yard next to the road that connects Stellenbosch with the informal settlement of Khayelitsha. Critics, artists, writers, thinkers and academics were invited to bring and share a story, and then to relate it to an image, with the intention of exploring parallel experiences, memories and relationships to places.
He was the recipient of the Spier Contemporary Art Award
The river between the two dams carries water from Albert Falls dam, a storage reservoir, to Nagle dam, from where the water is piped to Durban.
Lydenburg Accommodation – Mpumalanga Escarpment Known as the outdoor enthusiast’s paradise, Lydenburg has everything to offer nature lovers. Lydenburg’s central location on the Mpumalanga Escarpment makes it an ideal base from where to explore other world renowned Mpumalanga attractions, like the Kruger National Park a 90 minute drive from Lydenburg. Because Lydenburg is situated in the foothills of the famous Mpumalanga, Long Tom Pass, getting to the Kruger Park means a trip through Long Tom Pass, which is today a superb scenic drive – a far cry from the treacherous conditions pioneer wagon drivers had to endure in days gone by.
Flanked by tall, lush eucalyptus and pine trees, and dominated by the peaks of Mount Anderson and Mauchsberg, the Lydenburg, Long Tom Pass route to the Kruger Park is a breathtaking experience. We strive to present a mixture of upmarket Lydenburg accommodation, and affordable accommodation to suit all pockets and tastes , especially for Self Catering accommodation in Lydenburg, which is a category more geared for family holiday accommodation in Lydenburg.
Lydenburg Hotels should be considered for business or holiday accommodation in Lydenburg or in towns near Lydenburg. For guests with more particular Lydenburg accommodation requirments, be sure to check our Special Categories for Lydenburg Pet Friendly accommodation and Lydenburg accommodation – Fresh Water Fishing. Afrikaans alternate search phrase – Lydenburg akommodasie or Lydenburg akomodasie.
The South African State of Rivers Report: uMngeni River and Neighbouring Rivers and Streams
South Africa Table of Contents South Africa has a broad and well-developed agricultural sector and is a net food exporter in most years. Agricultural production, reflecting the sector’s increased mechanization and commercialization, increased throughout the twentieth century. As mining and manufacturing industries expanded at a faster rate, however, agriculture’s share of GDP declined from about 20 percent in the s to about 12 percent in the s and to less than 7 percent in the s.
The impressive range of crops–including almost every kind of food crop, as well as fibers, medicinal herbs, and components of cosmetic fragrances–reflects the country’s diverse terrain, climate, and ecology. The agriculture sector provides for most domestic needs, and South Africa exports corn maize , wool, sugar, peanuts groundnuts , tobacco, and other farm products see table 13, Appendix.
About 15 million hectares, or 12 percent of the land area, is under cultivation, and about 10 percent of this is under intensive irrigation.
South Africa would find it difficult to attract investment capital.
Woodhill property for R7. The residential property market in Pretoria and Centurion is showing signs of a slow recovery with well-priced properties, especially in golf and security estates, remaining in demand. Furthermore, the market for top-end, upmarket homes is reflecting gradual growth. The banks have also relaxed their lending criteria to some degree, which is placing some households in a better position to purchase property.
Ooba noted that the average national purchase price in July was R , up 3. However, it pointed out that month-on-month purchase price statistics did indicate a slowing in the growth of property prices. Schutte says that there are areas in Pretoria that are performing strongly, even in the current subdued economic climate. In February , property research organisation Lightstone named Woodhill the top golf estate in terms of value for the year It is worth noting that this increase was for properties in the R2.
Most of the properties overlooked the greens or were situated around the golf course. I anticipate that estate properties such as this will remain sound investments well into the foreseeable future. These areas are among the most exclusive residential suburbs in Pretoria and are home to embassy personnel, high profile business executives and sports celebrities. A shortage of stock in certain price bands i. Schutte says that the rental market in Pretoria and Centurion has been performing well.
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South African born geologist, Dr Robyn Pickering, is really fascinated by this question and has been working with the staff and management of Sudwala Caves since last to try and discover the age of the wonderful formations. She is a specialist in dating cave formations, in particular stalagmites, and uses the natural radio-active decay of uranium, which is trapped inside the stalagmites as they form.
As they grow stalagmites record changes in the world outside the cave, mainly variations in the amount of rain and the type of plants growing about the cave. Robyn first visited Sudwala Caves at the age of 11 with her family on their way home from a holiday in the Kruger Park.
Before black wages on the mines began to rise substantially in real terms in the s, the average white cash wage was 16 times that of the average black wage although this figure does not take account of the value of food and accommodation in mine compounds.
Actually, that is probably not strictly true, as diamonds might have been discovered earlier by people who never put them to commercial use. But the discovery of the first diamond on the banks of the Orange River near Hope town in sparked off the development of mining in the country. It also sparked off a great many other things, including the establishment of the first stock exchange in Africa in nearby Kimberley in Other by-products of the discovery of diamonds were two universities, those of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria, which had their origins in a school of mines set up in Kimberley in The man who consolidated thousands of small diggings in Kimberley to found De Beers Consolidated Mines was Cecil Rhodes, who then used the profits to extend into gold mining in and around Johannesburg.
Railways from the coast to the interior had to be built to serve the needs of mining. Factories to manufacture everything from steel to dynamite to boots had to be erected. The Rand Water Board was established in the early part of the century. Today South Africa is the 42nd largest economy in the world out of in nominal GDP and 32nd largest in purchasing power parity terms , thanks to the growth and industrialisation triggered by the commercial development of its mineral resources.
Vast quantities have been extracted. South African diamonds adorn the heads of British monarchs when they are crowned. South African coal keeps houses warm and industry turning both in this country and elsewhere.
Prof Dilip Menon Organisation: Centre for Indian Studies in Africa: University of Witwatersrand Position: There’s huge debate in Ghana now instigated by respected Charismatic Bishops, asking for the for the educational system to be altered for the current primary and junior high school system to Ordinary O and Advanced A levels. The bishops say the falling standards of education in the country can largely be attributed to the current system but the two major teacher unions have risen against their proposal.
It’s a major talking point here now 2.
Remainder liquidated with shots to the neck.
Leopard, Lion, Buffalo, Elephant and Rhinoceros. Game Lodges and Bush Camps: South African Lodges are located within private game reserves, national parks and nature reserves. Accommodation offered at a South African Game Lodge ranges from rustic to 5-star luxury; from self catering bush camps to fully catered lodges, with packages including daily game activities, day and night game drives, bush walks, horse-back safaris and other eco-activities. Established in to protect the wildlife of the South African Lowveld, this national park of nearly 2 million hectares is unrivalled in the diversity of its life forms and is a world leader in advanced environmental management techniques.
The southern portion of Kruger Park in Mpumalanga is more lush and wooded that the drier central and northern regions, and is where most of the camps are situated, as the largest concentrations of game occur here.
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Approaching Albert Falls, the uMngeni meanders through grassed farmland, where the riverbanks are treeless or invaded by woody alien plants. Below the Albert Falls, the river traverses deeply dissected terrain, which forms the western edge of the Valley of a Thousand Hills. At Nagle Dam, the river is still at a high elevation m above sea level despite being a mere 50km from the coast.
Struers is a manufacturer of equipment and consumables for materialographic surface preparation and analysis of solid materials.
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History[ edit ] Some of the earliest inhabitants of the area were the mysterious Leghoya people. Not much is known about them, but ruins of their settlements dating back to c. During the mid s, the area prior to the formation as a village, was an outspan area for resting team-animals transporting goods across the region mainly due to the water of the small lakes dotting the area. Fourie in and proclaimed on 12 February
There are no restricting fences between the Kruger Park and Sabi Sands and the wildlife roams freely between the two game reserves.
The national flag, adopted in , consists of a blue-black triangle placed vertical to the hoist and bordered in gold-yellow. Bands of red, white, green, white, and blue appear horizontally. Two anthems are currently in use: The South African rand r is a paper currency of cents. It is used throughout the South African monetary area. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 rand, and notes of 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 rand.
The metric system is in use. Movable religious holidays include Good Friday and Ascension; Family Day is a movable secular holiday.